So, quick breakdown of the format is 12 Offlist spelling questions, then 12 vocabulary questions followed by two more vocabulary questions.
- Grok (Literary term from Stranger in a Strange Land)
- Dissilient (Latin!)
- Sciapodous (Greek! Scia= Shadow + Pod= foot. I believe in one of the Chronicles of Narnia books there was a bunch of dwarve-like beings that had the one foot and used it as an umbrella/shade)
- Rucervine (Latin again? Rusa + Cervus= Rucervus (deer))
- Epollicate (Another Latin! E= without + Pollex= thumb)
- Indiscerptible (Latin once more In= not+ discerpere= tear apart)
- Sobornost (Russian)
- Passim (Latin, seriously?
- Avoirdupois (French- Avoir du Pois it’s pretty standard)
- Zuppa Inglese (Italian yum!)
- Diel (Latin- It’s the last finally. Di/a= day)
- Ljubljana (Of course they needed one Geo word from Yugoslavia)
Summary: 6 Latin Words, 1 Greek, 1 French, 1 Italian, 1 Literary, 1 Russian, 1 Geographical
There were a lot more Latin words than I thought there would be and a lot less Greek works than I expected. This list was 75% Romance Language words!!
- Flak- criticism (slang!)
- Restive- fidgety (This was a trick question!)
- Exculpatory- vindicate (ex= remove, culp= blame)
- Raise Cain- to cause a commotion (Scripps even tweeted about this! Biblical references/slang)
- Ailurophile- lover of cats, has a bunch of kittens (ailuro= cats, phile= love)
- Megillah- long involved story (Some Biblical references just like 4/slang)
- Pyrosis- heartburn (pyr= fire, osis= condtion)
- Haymaker- punch (this is a bit slangy)
- Cyclopean- massive, huge (Greek myths!)
- Tritaph- tomb with 3 chambers (Tri= three+ taph= tomb, think epitaph)
- Manque- unsuccessful, frustrated (manquer= to lack)
- Dianoia- opiniona (dia= through, noia (noos)- to think/mind)
Summary: 2 Latin, 5 Greek, 1 French, 3 Slang, 1 Yiddish/Hebrew
The amount of Greek in this round made up for the others. And also, are we seeing a trend towards the inclusion of more slang/literary terms?
- Verso- left handed side (Latin, page being turned)
- Dromomania- wandering (Greek, dromo= run, wander, mania= obsession with)
The preliminary test was a bit on the easier side this year so I’m predicting a cutoff around 26-28 overall.
The root “sphingo-” comes from the Greek word sphingein which means to to hold fast. There are 12 different entries containing this root.
- glycosphingolipid- any of various lipids (such as a cerebroside or a ganglioside)
- sphingometer- an instrument for measuring the bending of a strut (as by deflection of beams of light)
- sphingomyelin- any of a group of crystalline phospholipids that are obtained especially from nerve tissue and that on hydrolysis yield a fatty acid
- sphingosine- an unsaturated amino obtained by hydrolysis of various sphingomyelins, cerebrosides, and gangliosides
- Sphinx- this word may not seem to contain the root, however, the Sphinx in Greek mythology would ask a riddle to any travelers and if they could not answer correctly, she would bind them with a curse.
Many words with the root “sphingo-” are related to lipids in some way. Going into a bit of chemistry, lipids are long chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms which are bound together.
The root “omphal/o-” comes from the Greek word omphalos meaning “navel.” There are 14 entries in the dictionary containing this root.
- omphalitis- Inflammation of the umbilicus
- omphaloid- resembling an umbilicus
- omphalomesenteric- of or relating to the umbilicus and mesentery
- omphaloskepsis- meditation while staring fixedly at one’s navel
- omphalion- the center of the umbilicus